Processes for separations and divorces are identical, they follow the same steps, measures taken are similar, budgets are the same…
However, the effects of separation and divorce are not the same.
In a separation marital coexistence ceases and it is presumed that the community of property stops working as such. One is still married but does not coexists with his spouse. He or she is judicially separated.
In a divorce the marital link is completely broken. The marital contract no longer exists, which implies, within others, that one can get married again (civilly, of course).
As it can be seen, the nuance makes sense, mainly, from a religious or moral point of view, so for some time now, most married couples which decide to cease their relationship, opt for the divorce.